The Arthritis and Periodontal Disease Relation

Cleaning your teeth twice a day at home, as well as seeing a dentist every three months, is important for people with rheumatoid arthritis. New research suggests that tooth loss and decay could be a predictor of rheumatoid arthritis, as well as the severity of the disease. It’s been discovered that the more teeth you lose, the more likely you are to develop rheumatoid arthritis. Furthermore, treating periodontal disorder reduces the arthritis-related health-care costs. Get the facts about Washington Periodontics: Dr. Christine Karapetian-Periodontics you can try this out.
Three recent studies on the subject are listed below:
Study No. 1
In a study presented at the 2012 European Congress of Rheumatology in Berlin, twenty-four percent of 540 people suffering from early-stage arthritis had ten or fewer teeth, fifteen percent had eleven to twenty, and twenty-two percent had twenty-eight or more teeth. This is in comparison to a full collection of teeth, which includes wisdom teeth and totals thirty-two.
After six months, fifty-two percent had a positive response to periodontal therapy, thirty-two percent had a moderate impact, and sixteen percent had no response at all. Individuals with the fewest teeth suffered the most serious consequences. Patients with ten or fewer teeth have a more severe form of arthritis than those with more than ten teeth.
Study No. 2
When compared to patients without rheumatoid arthritis, patients with rheumatoid arthritis had much more periodontal disease symptoms, according to a study published in the Journal of Periodontology conducted in Germany. Rheumatoid arthritis patients have an 800 percent higher chance of contracting gum disease. According to a statement presented at the 2011 European League Against Rheumatism meeting, eighteen percent of the ninety-five people with rheumatoid arthritis studied had chronic gum disease such as periodontitis, and thirty-two percent had moderate periodontal disease symptoms. In contrast, ten to fifteen percent of men and women who do not have rheumatoid arthritis will experience a mild to serious form of gum disease.
Dr. Marjorie Jeffcoat of United Concordia University discovered that rheumatoid arthritis patients who treated their periodontal disorder had annual medical costs $3,964 lower than those who did not.
Why would periodontal disease cause rheumatoid arthritis, a painful and debilitating swelling of the joints? Without a doubt, no one knows. However, evidence suggests that the degradation of conjoining tissues in both rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal disease follows a similar pattern. Both of these conditions are inflammatory. Both increase C-reactive protein levels in the body, an indication of inflammation.
Periodontal disease ranges from gingivitis, a mild disorder that causes inflamed, sensitive gums, to periodontitis, which is defined by inflammation of the bone and tissue that supports your teeth. Many people with rheumatoid arthritis also experience Sjogren’s syndrome, an inflammatory disease affecting the glands that can lead to increased tooth decay and dry mouth.