Physical therapy, otherwise called physical therapy, is one of those specialised healthcare professions concerned with treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Physical therapists provide physical therapy services to patients who have been injured or have prolonged and severe disabilities that affect their ability to perform independent physical function. They help patients overcome pain and improve their range of motion, develop and practice functional movement, use of therapeutic equipment to aid rehabilitation and therapy, and acquire or learn new techniques for carrying out physical therapy treatments. Physical therapy can also refer to physical therapists that provide assistance to the elderly in maintaining and enhancing their independence. Here is the official site.
There are several types of physical therapy. Management of acute injuries, such as fractures, burns, strains, sprains, and sprained ankles and knees, requires the services of a podiatric physician, a doctor of chiropractic, and an athletic trainer. Several rehabilitation programmes focus on weight loss, body conditioning for active lifestyles, skills training for everyday activities, and exercises for the elderly, and involve multi-disciplinary teams of physicians, psychologists, physical therapists, and nurses, all committed to achieving positive results within the shortest period of time. Physical therapy can be broadly divided into rehabilitation, which usually addresses issues such as return to normal activities, maintenance of a level of fitness, development of physical strength and stamina, movement control, and correction of structural impairments; sports medicine, which includes the study of athletic practices, managing injuries sustained in contact sports; and rehabilitation therapy, which concentrates on restoring functional functioning following a severe injury.
The effectiveness of physical therapy depends on the skill and professionalism of the therapist. The objective of treatment is to reduce suffering, restore function and promote healing in the shortest time possible after an injury or surgery. A skilled and experienced PT offers comprehensive symptom management and effective exercises for pain control, range of motion, muscle strength and stamina, and muscle maintenance and repair after surgery. A skilled PT can take the patients through a structured process of muscle conditioning, range of motion exercises, and exercises to build muscle strength, and improves the function of joints. In cases of severe traumatic injuries, the PT may also recommend surgery, which will address the cause of the injury and prevents further damage.